About Ovarian Cancer Default image

About Ovarian Cancer

anatomy_ovaries

Ovarian cancer has the lowest survival rate of all female cancers.
Ovarian cancer is diagnosed annually in nearly a quarter of a million women globally, and is responsible for 140,000 deaths each year. Statistics show that just 45% of women with ovarian cancer are likely to survive for five years compared to up to 89% of women with breast cancer. Developing and developed nations are similarly affected by this disease.

Symptoms are often misdiagnosed, as they can be confused with symptoms of other less severe illnesses, particularly gastrointestinal complaints.

The majority of patients are only identified in the advanced stages when the disease becomes more difficult to treat. There is no routine, simple test to accurately detect ovarian cancer.

Progression_ovarianCancer

There is no accurate and reliable screening test for ovarian cancer. What we do know is that a number of factors increase a woman’s risk of developing ovarian cancer:

Age: The majority of cases of ovarian cancer occur in women over the age of 55, once women have gone through menopause. Some types of ovarian cancer can appear in young women.

Family history: Women who may be at a higher risk (relative to the general population) of developing ovarian cancer are those who on either their father’s or mother’s side of the family have two or more relatives who have had ovarian, breast, colon or uterine cancer.

Symptoms are often misdiagnosed, as they can be confused with symptoms of other less severe illnesses, particularly gastrointestinal complaints.

Genetics: Being a known carrier of abnormalities in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes (genes that help to repair cell damage) also increases the risk.

Other factors: Women who have not had children, never taken the contraceptive pill, who started their periods at an early age or whose menopause started at a later age than average have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer.Women who have previously had endometriosis may be more likely to develop ovarian cancer.

types_of_OC